Basic Concepts

Patta :

When a buyer decides to purchase a land, one of the main documents to check is patta. This document is a proof of ownership as found in the revenue records of the Government. Even though Patta is not offered for apartments and houses, the land which was used to construct the building must have a valid Patta. Patta also describes whether the owner has paid the taxes or not.

Chitta :

Patta is a proof of ownership and it does not provide the exact details of the land. The buyer has to go to the VAO’s office and furnish a copy of the updated 'A' Register (with the buyer's name updated) and get the latest copy of the Chitta and Adangal. These copies describes details of the tenants who cultivated the land.

The chitta contains the following:

  • Owner’s name and the Patta number
  • Survey number with subdivision
  • Village, taluk & District


The Adangal records contain information such as

  • Survey number, Wise holdings & Extent of field
  • Duration of tenancy
  • Details of 1st & 2nd crop
  • Month and date of harvest
  • Approximate yield of crops
  • State on ground particulars

Encumbrance Certificate

Encumbrance Certificate describes whether that the property is free from any monetary and legal liabilities or not. E.C is an assurance that the property is clear of any legal dues. The EC will list all transactions involving the land till date which includes loans, collateral or legal issues. E.C. is applied at the sub register office for a period of 15-20yrs.

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